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What is Murano Glass?

Making Murano Glass
Murano Glass

Murano Glass

Murano Glass is a glass in a chemical sense of the word that is made exclusively on the small island of Murano, which is located within the borders of the Northern Italy city of Venice. Murano Glass is made when potassium, silica, soda and lime are mixed together in a fiercely hot furnace at a temperature of 1500°C to turn the mixture into liquid state.

The first time Murano glass appeared was in the 8th century Rome. Murano became the glassmaking center when the Venetian Republic feared that fire would destruct the city's buildings since they were mostly wooden. In 1291, the glassmakers were forced to move their factories to Murano.

Styles and Mixed Elements in Murnao Glass

Making Murano Glass
Murano Glass
Handmade in Murano

Often, gold or silver foil are added to the glass mixture, along with other minerals such as copper for metallic effects, zinc for white colour, cobalt for blue, manganese for violet and more. The master glassmakers mouth-blow and/or hand-craft the mixture with skillful techniques and fundamental tools, many of the tools have been developed since the Middle Ages and have not changed much. This glass-making method gives unique creations not only with vivid colors but also beautiful, sometimes dreamlike, shapes and patterns, earning the reputation of "works of art". Despite the fact that other places around the world make different beautiful glassware, none of them can compare with Murano glass with such a rich history and high artistic value.

The History of Murnao Island

Murano Island Italy
Murano , Italy

Murano Glass was first made and appeared in the 8th century. In 1960, archaeologists discovered one of the oldest glass furnaces on an Island of Venice built in the 8th century, and despite various ups and downs, Murano Glass has continued to exist and also grow successfully until today. Nowadays, Murano glass is still inseparable with Venetian glass.

Murano has a rich history of glasswork. It is a small town located in Venice, a city in Northern Italy, situated 1.5 kilometers from the city of Venice. From 1900 until now, the number of professional glassmakers in Murano has dropped from around 6000 to less than 1000.

History about Murano Glass

Glass Making
Glass Making

Murano Glass was first made and appeared in the 8th century, and despite various ups and downs, Murano Glass has continued to exist and also grow successfully until today.

Glassmaking in Murano is believed to originate in 8th century Rome, due to major influences from Asia and Muslim, Venice was once a significance trading port.

As early as the 8th century, Venice became a well-known glassmaking center. In 1960, archaeologists discovered one of the oldest glass furnaces on an Island of Venice built in the 8th century.

Murano became the glassmaking center when the Venetian Republic feared that fire would destruct the city's buildings since they were mostly wooden, in 1291, the glassmakers were forced to move their factories to Murano. Nowadays, Murano Glass is still inseparable with Venetian glass.