Murano Glass is a glass in a chemical sense of the word that is made exclusively on the small island of Murano, which is located within the borders of the Northern Italy city of Venice. Murano Glass is made when potassium, silica, soda and lime are mixed together in a fiercely hot furnace at a temperature of 1500°C to turn the mixture into liquid state.
The first time Murano glass appeared was in the 8th century Rome. Murano became the glassmaking center when the Venetian Republic feared that fire would destruct the city's buildings since they were mostly wooden. In 1291, the glassmakers were forced to move their factories to Murano.